The advent of the state-sponsored "full-time amateur athlete" of the Eastern Bloc countries eroded the ideology of the pure amateur, as it put the self-financed amateurs of the Western countries at a disadvantage. The Soviet Union entered teams of athletes who were all nominally students, soldiers, or working in a profession, but many of whom were in reality paid by the state to train on a full-time basis.   As a result, the Olympics has shifted away from pure amateurism , as envisioned by Pierre de Coubertin , to allowing participation of professional athletes .
In June, film screenings will be offered at 12:30 and 3:30 . every day except Wednesday’s in the Rasmuson Theater highlighting Kahanamoku and Thorpe. The 12:30 . film stars Kahanamoku in a 1957 episode of This Is Your Life , the hit television show. The Olympic gold medalist and so-called “Father of Surfing” appeared alongside seven of his siblings, two of whom also competed in the Olympics, former Olympics teammate Johnny Weissmuller, and three of the eight survivors that Kahanamoku rescued from a capsized boat at Newport Beach in 1925. The 3:30 . film, a documentary called Jim Thorpe, The World’s Greatest Athlete , offers an in-depth look at the life of the Native American sports icon, beginning with his boyhood in Indian Territory to his athletic stardom at Carlisle Indian Industrial School, the 1912 Summer Olympics and the tumultuous events that happened afterwards.